Keiv Maria Anatolievna
Кандидат педагогических наук, Cand. Sci. (Pedag.), Assoc. Prof. of the Department of mathematics and methods of teaching mathematics, Astafiev V. P. Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical University, mkejv@yandex.ru, Krasnoyarsk
Zhuravleva Natalia Alexandrovna
Кандидат педагогических наук, Assoc. Prof. of the Department of mathematics and methods of teaching mathematics, Krasnoyarsk state pedagogical university named after V.P. Astafiev, zhuravlevanataly@mail.ru, Krasnoyarsk
Ganzha Elena Ivanovna
Кандидат физико-математических наук, Assoc. Prof. of Department of Mathematics and Methods of Mathematics Education, Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical University named after V. P. Astafiev, eiganzha@mail.ru, Krasnoyarsk

Olympiad on Lightning-Fast Solution of Mathematical Problems as a Psychological and Pedagogical Phenomenon

The article presents the author’s approach of designing an Olympiad on lightning-fast solution of mathematical problems for students of pedagogical universities in order to develop their quick thinking. The aim of the article is to analyse different models of organising Olympiads in mathematics for pupils and students, and to justify the expediency of including Olympiads on lightning-fast problem solving in the educational system of schools and universities. The research methodology is based on the system-activity approach and the requirements of educational standards of basic secondary and higher education, taking into account the labour functions of the professional standard of a teacher. Research results. One of the possible options for organising a mathematics Olympiad for students – future teachers of mathematics is the Olympiad «Dragonfly» for lightning-fast solution of problems of the school course of mathematics of different levels of complexity. When designing the content of such an Olympiad it is necessary to observe a number of principles: balance, brevity, accessibility, dynamism. On the basis of the Institute of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics of the V. P. Astafiev conducted a study to identify the impact of the Olympiad «Dragonfly» on the development of quick thinking in students – its participants. The study confirmed the hypothesis that if students are systematically involved in the process of lightning-fast solution of school mathematical problems of the Olympiad «Dragonfly», it will contribute to the development of their quick thinking. Conclusion. The experimental work has confirmed the expediency of including the Olympiads on lightning-fast problem solving in the educational system of school and university.
Olympiad; form of Olympiad organization; cognitive style; quick thinking; Olympiad task; lightning-fast solution

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