Jakunchev Mihail Aleksandrovich
Доктор педагогических наук, Dr. Sci. (Pedag.), Prof. of the Department of Biology, Geography and Teaching Methods, M. E. Evseviev Mordovian State Pedagogical University, mprof@list.ru, Saransk
Semenova Natalia Gennadievna
Кандидат педагогических наук, Cand. Sci. (Pedag.), Assoc. Prof. of the Department of Biology, Geography and Teaching Methods, M. E. Evseviev Mordovian State Pedagogical University, natashasemenovak@mail.ru, Saransk
Markinov Ivan Fedorovich
Кандидат педагогических наук, Assoc. Prof. of the Department of Biology, Geography and Teaching Methods, M. E. Evseviev Mordovian State Pedagogical University, mark33@list.ru, Saransk


The essence of the principles of fundamental nature and systemacity as the categories of methodological sense focusing on expression of encyclopedic and complete knowledge, ways of action, values and experience of creativity for use in intellectual and practical activities is presented in article. In the designated context the maintenance of a biological picture of the world is considered, her structure decides on the indication of objects, methods, the principles of knowledge of wildlife, types of explanations, and also generalizations of different level of complexity – concepts, laws, hypotheses, doctrines, concepts and theories. It is pointed out relevance of formation of bases of a biological picture of the world at comprehensive school for finding studying world outlook meanings and valuable orientations during the using and preservation of the biosphere of the terrestrial plan
comprehensive school, the maintenance of a biological picture of the world on the basis of the principles of fundamental nature and systemacity for his use in the general biological education.

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