Dulatova Zainep Asanalievna
Кандидат физико-математических наук, Cand. Sci. (Physico-mathemat.), Assoc. Prof. of the Department of Mathematics and Method of Teaching Mathematics, Irkutsk State University, dulatova@yandex.ru, Irkutsk
Lapshina Elena Sergeevna
Кандидат физико-математических наук, Cand. Sci. (Physical and mathematical), Assoc. Prof. of the Department of mathematics and method of teaching mathematics, Irkutsk State University, esl7828@gmail.com, Irkutsk

Logical problems as means of development of cognitive universal learning activities

Forming of logical universal learning activities is one of major tasks of education. The article is devoted to the logical problems as effective means of development of the logical thinking, forming of logical universal learning activities. Basic principles of educating for the decision of logical problems are distinguished. In particular, educating to the methods of decision of logical problems must not be only educating to the algorithm. It must be first of all educating to logical principles, logical literacy, to ability to expound the ideas, to analyze, present information. As an example the traditional tabular method of decision of logical problems is considered in the article. The method of generation of new logical problems is offered.
universal learning activities, logical thinking, mathematical education school.

1. Gorbachev, N. V., 2004. The collection of olympiad problems in mathematics. Moscow: MCCME Publ., 560 p. (In Russ.)
2. Dulatova, Z. A., Lapshina, E. S., 2008. The development оf translation culture of cognitive activity methods for students of teacher training universities in the process of study of the methods of inductive reasonings. Siberian Pedagogical Journal, 10, pp. 41–55. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)
3. Dulatova, Z. A., Lapshina, E. S., 2016. About the development of logical thinking of students means of mathematics. Siberian Pedagogical Journal, 3, pp. 7–12. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)
4. Kuz'min, O. V., 1999. Logical problems: shoolbook. Irkutsk: Irkutsk University Publ., 204 p. (In Russ.)
5. Martishina, N. I., 2011. Logical competence as the basis of science and vocational education. Higher Education in Russia, 5, pp. 129–134. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)
6. Professional standard «Teacher (pedagogical activity in the field of preschool, primary general, basic general, secondary general education) (educator, teacher)». Available at: https://rg.ru/2013/12/18/pedagog-dok.html (accessed 20 March 2017) (In Russ.)
7. Raskina, I. V., SHnol', D. Je., 2014. Logical problems. Moscow: MCCME Publ., 120 p. (In Russ.)
8. Fazilova, Sh. N. K., 2015. Solving mathematical problems as a way of development of thought in primary school. RMNKO, 3 (52), pp.178–181. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)
9. Federal state educational standard of secondary (complete) general education. Available at: http://www.edu.ru/db/portal/obschee/ (accessed 20 March 2017) (In Russ.)
10. Christy H. Vaughn Middle School Mathematics Students' Perspectives on the Study of Mathematics. Dissertation. 2012. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3494607)
11. Young G. The Journey to Becoming Constructivist, Presidential Award for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Teaching, Secondary Mathematics Teacher. 2014. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3668811)