Leonova Elena Evgenievna
Без ученой степени, Post-graduate Student of the Department of Education and Psychology of the Institute of History, Humanities and Social Education, Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, leonela24@mail.ru, Novosibirsk


Introduction: the increase in the number of returns from substitute families actualizes the problem of providing pedagogical assistance to children in overcoming the consequences of a return. The purpose of this article is to justify the need to preserve and restore the returned child’s trust in adults, including former substitute parents, as conditions for a holistic and continuous personal development. Theoretical analysis of the problem: the article examines the main approaches to understanding trust as a pedagogical phenomenon and analyzes the factors determining the formation of children’s trust in adults at different stages of age development. It is establishing that after returning from a substitute family, it is difficult for children to trust people and build long-term relationships. In adolescence, a violation of trust after a return is exacerbation by emotional instability and a decrease in confidence in self-self. As the pedagogical conditions for overcoming the consequences of a return in relations with adults, there are: reliability, that is, the ability of adults to support a sub-shoot in different situations; predictability, consistency in relationships; the similarity of interests and values; personal sympathy and pleasantness in the process of interaction. Results of the study: the level of violation of trust in adults in adolescents returned from substitute families was measuring using a test of the M. Rozenberg credibility scale. During the research, it was founding that the majority of adolescents after return have a low level of trust in adults. In adolescents with a low level of confidence, there is a decreased emotional background, a reluctance to go to “adult-child” contact and, as a result, difficulties in building interpersonal relationships. It turned out that the violation of trust largely depends on the time of adolescent’s stay in the substitute family and on the form of the family structure. Findings: the longer the period of residence of a child in a substitute family, the greater the likelihood of maintaining confidence in adults, including former replacement parents; adolescents who had previously been under foster care (guardianship), often have a high and average level of confidence than adolescents from foster families; all children who have been returned to specialized institutions by adoptive parents have a low level of trust; substrings that lived in two or more substitute families, often have a lower level of trust in adults. Conclusion: restoration of trust in adults is possible provided: stimulation of contacts with former members of substitute families; the emergence of an individual (significant) adult, for example, a volunteer mentor or mentor-teacher.
orphans, teenagers, substitute family, return, trust, trust in adults

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