Аrapova Polina Iosifovna
Кандидат педагогических наук, Assoc. Prof. of the Department of Pedagogy, Institute of Pedagogy and Psychology of Education, Moscow City Pedagogical University, arapovap@mail.ru, Moscow

Narrative interview as a research method out-of-school everyday life of Soviet schoolchildren

Problem and Aim. The relevance of the modernization of historical and pedagogical methods is due to the risks of falsification of the events of the recent past and the implementation of the modern anthropological approach in social and humanitarian knowledge. The purpose of the article is to present the approaches and practical solutions implemented in the development of narrative interviews as a method of historical and pedagogical research of extracurricular daily life of Soviet schoolchildren. Methodology. The theoretical basis for the development of the methodology of narrative interviews as a method of historical and pedagogical research was the idea of everyday life, developed in philosophical, sociological and historical knowledge. In the design, the authors relied on the methodology of narrative interviews (F. Schütz). An important role in the development was played by the results of a pilot study in the spring of 2018. In a joint design was developed the form of narrative interviews, the sampling design, training of interviewers, the procedure of processing of empirical data. The scientific novelty and theoretical significance of the article is to develop and substantiate the concept of narrative interview as a method of research of out-of-school everyday life of Soviet schoolchildren. The practical significance of the article consists in the description of the methodological aspects of social and pedagogical reconstruction of extracurricular daily life. The article can be useful for researchers working on solving identical problems. The methodology of using narrative interviews can be adjusted in the process of repeated implementation of the research project. The provisions of the article were presented at the V-th all-Russian scientific and practical conference “the Child in the modern educational space of the metropolis” IPPO MSPU (5–6 April 2018).
history of education in the USSR, methods of historical and pedagogical research, narrative interview, social and pedagogical reconstruction of children’s daily life.

1. Arapova, P. I., 2016. Organization of group activity of schoolchildren: educational-methodical manual. Moscow: MSPU Publ., 60 p. (In Russ.)
2. Bannaya, A. A., Shilina, S. A., 2017. Narrative interview as a method of sociological research of family life cycle. Scientific journal “Discourse”, 8 (10), pp. 76–93. (In Russ.)
3. Berger, P., Lukman, T., 1995. Social construction of reality. A treatise on the sociology of knowledge. Moscow: Medium Publ., 323 p. (In Russ.)
4. Town in the snuffbox: childhood in Russia from Nicholas II to Boris Yeltsin (1890–1990): adults about children and children about themselves: anthology of texts. Part 2: 1940–1990 / ed. V. Bezgorova and K. Kelly. Moscow: Tver: Scientific book Publ., 2008, 343 p. (In Russ.)
5. Zhuravlev, V. F., 1993. Narrative interview in biographical research. Sociology: 4M, 3-4, pp. 34–43. (In Russ.)
6. Kupriyanov, B. V., 2017. Adrenaline of children’s prank. Continuous education: XXI century, 4 (20), pp. 2–14. (In Russ.)
7. Lyashok, A. S., 2011. To the question of constructing the “boys ‘everyday life” and “girls’ everyday life” in the school space of the 1980s-first half of the 1990s. Theory and practice of social development, 8, pp. 119–124. (In Russ.)
8. Maslinsky, K. A., 2010. Folklore and ethnography of the school skeleton. Child in history and culture. Moscow, Issue 4, pp. 160–170. (In Russ.)
9. Medvedeva, G. I., 2016. Individual interview in qualitative research. Humanitarian bases of social progress: Russia and the present: the collection of articles of the International scientific and practical conference. In 8 parts. Part 7. Moscow: MUGUDT Publ., pp. 281–285. (In Russ.)
10. Orlov, I. B., 2010. Soviet everyday life: the historical and sociological aspects of becoming. Moscow: Izd. house Gos. University of Higher School of Economics, 317 p. (In Russ.)
11. Pushkareva, N. L., 2004. The subject and methods of studying the “history of everyday life”. Ethnographic Review, 5, pp. 3–19. (In Russ.)
12. Romm, T. A., 2013. Social education: the tradition of domestic pedagogy. Bulletin of Tomsk State University. Culturology and art criticism, 4 (12), pp. 246–250. (In Russ.)
13. Semenov, N. B., 2006. Daily life as an element of social reality. Cand. Sci. (Philos.). Moscow, 131 p. (In Russ.)
14. Evgenieva, A. P., ed., 1983. Dictionary of the Russian language. T. 3. Moscow, pp. 162. (In Russ.)
15. Lindquist, S., 1984. Grab where you stand. History from below. Issues, methods and Proekte a history of everyday life. Wien, Köln, Graz, pp. 295–305.