Protasova Elena Konstantinovna
Assist. Prof. of the Department of he Design, Post-graduate student of The Department of General and Pedagogical Psychology, National Research Tomsk State University, Le22na@mail.ru, Tomsk

Evaluating the formation of the designer way of thinking in students (based on the study in Tomsk universities)

Problem and Aim. The article studies the problem of development and implementing in universities new didactic tools that take into account the cognitive characteristics of students. The aim of the study is to present the results of examining the formation of professional thinking in students-designers at lessons of painting and drawing. The article justifies the necessity of using research and analytical work in the nature interpretation, stylized and decorative imaging. Methodology. The study was carried out on the basis of theoretical and empirical methods: analysis of publications on design training problems, on the educational process organization, on the connection of mental work and creativity and its diagnostic methods; pedagogical observation; students work review; pedagogical experiment. Developing the diagnostic tools to evaluate the designer thinking formation, we used methods of R. Amthauer “Test of the structure of intelligence”, of P. Torrens (on creative thinking) and N. Vishnyakova “Creativity”. Results. The designer way of thinking is presented as a synthesis of imaginative and logical functions of thinking involved at different stages of work, ability to search compositional solutions and image expressiveness. The following is determined as the criteria of the designer way of thinking formation: the conceptual apparatus, creative thinking, spatial thinking and compositional thinking. The author has developed the technique for evaluating compositional thinking and the conceptual apparatus. Basing on the results of testing students during the initial and resulting stages of the pedagogical experiment, the author comes to conclusion about the developing function of stylized image, which forms the professional designer thinking parameters. Thus, during the visual competences development, drawing and painting can solve professional design tasks, on conditions of implementing the program of transition from the volumetric to stylized image, individual training, and use of the proposed diagnostic tools.
higher artistic education, design, designer way of thinking, stylized image, creativity, compositional thinking, evaluation criteria, diagnostic tools.

Abakumova, N. N., Protasova, E. K., 2017. Development of diagnostic tools for students in art education. Thesaurus.  Institute MVD, 4, pp. 3–10 (In Russ.).
Abakumova, N. N., Yaskevich, I. N., 2017. Monitoring of effectiveness of institutions of art education in the region with a high innovative potential: to statement of the problem. St. Petersburg Education Bulletin, 6–7 (10–11), pp. 51–54. (In Russ.).
Borisanova, D. A., Krasnorjadtseva, O. M., 2016. Actualization of creative potentialities of adolescents and youth in conditions of additional education: network resource. Bulletin of the Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, 5, pp. 24–33. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15293/2226-3365.1605.02 (In Russ.).
Budakova, A. V., Matsuta, V. V., 2016. Differences in personal potential in highly intelligent students. Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, 6, pp. 17–30. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15293/2226-3365.1606.02 (In Russ.).
Protasova, E. K., 2018. Teaching stylised image as a means to develop abstract imaginative thinking in students. Tomsk State University Journal, 430, pp. 152–158. DOI: 10.17223/15617793/430/21 (In Russ.).
Savinov, A. M., 2013. To the question of the development of the skills to express project ideas using the means of drawing. Art History and Design in the Modern World: traditions and perspectives: materials of the VI All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference of Young Scientists, pp. 258–263. (In Russ.).
Savinov, A. M., 2014. Evaluating criteria for educational drawings of students-designers. European Social Science Journal, l, 6, pp. 178–181. (In Russ.).
Yaskevich, I. N., 2017. Investigation of the innovative potential of students of an artistic profile: the statement of the problem. Trends in science and education in the modern world, 2–3, pp. 26–27. (In Russ.).
Aflatoony, L., Wakkary, R., Neustaedter, C., 2018. Becoming a design thinker: assessing the learning process of students in a secondary level design thinking course. The International Journal of Art and Design Education, 37, iss. 3, pp. 438–453. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jade.12139
Asefi, M., Imani, E., 2018. Effects of active strategic traching model (ASTM) in creative and critical thinking skills of architecture students. Archnet-Ijar International Journal of Architecture Research, 12, 2, pp. 209–222. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26687/archnet-ijar.v12i2.1340
Bovill, C., Cook-Sather, A., Felten, P.,  Millard, L.,  Moore-Cherry, N., 2016. Addressing potential challenges in co-creating learning and teaching: overcoming resistance, navigating institutional norms and ensuring inclusivity in student-staff partnerships. Higher Education, 71, 2, pp. 195–208. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-015-9896-4
Cassim, F., 2013. Hands on, hearts on, minds on: design thinking within an education context. The International Journal of Art and Design Education, 32, 2. Special Issue: Design Education: International Perspectives and Debates, pp. 190–202. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1476-8070.2013.01752.x
Chanthala, Ch.,  Santiboon, T., Ponkham, K., 2018. Instructional designing the STEM education model for fostering creative thinking abilities in physics laboratory environment classes. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1923, 1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5019501
Chia-Ying, H., 2018. Developing Design through a Creative Problem-Solving Process: A Group Community Art Project. International Journal of Art and Design Education, 37, 3, pp. 541–553.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jade.12155
Dietrich, A., Haider, H., 2015. Human creativity, evolutionary algorithms, and predictive representations: The mechanics of thought trials. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 22, 4, pp. 897–915. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13423-014-0743-x
Ghanizadeh, A., 2017. The interplay between reflective thinking, critical thinking, self-monitoring, and academic achievement in higher education. Higher Education, 74, 1, pp. 101–114. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10734-016-0031-y
Le Masson, P., Weil, B., Hatchuel, A., 2017. Design theory. Methods and organization for innovation. Springer International Publishing, 388 p. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-50277-9
Lyon, Ph., Letschka, P., Ainsworth, T., Haq, I., 2018. Drawing pedagogies in higher education: the learning impact of a collaborative cross-disciplinary drawing course. The International Journal of Art and Design Education, 37, 2, pp. 221–232. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jade.12106
Mironova, Е. Е., 2006. Collection of psychological tests. Part II: Manual. Minsk: Women’s Institute ANVILA, 146 p. (In Russ.).
Poon, T. F., Mazlina, Ch. M., 2017. A review: Formation of character creative students by sternberg theory. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social, 7, 3, pp. 572–585.
Pringle, A., Sowden, P. T., 2017. The Mode Shifting Index(MSI): A new measure of the creative thinking skill of shifting between associative and analytic thinking. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 23, pp. 17–28. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2016.10.010
Roxburgh, M., Caratti, E., 2018. The Design of Stereotype and the Image. International Journal of Art and Design Education, 37, 3, pp. 454–468. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jade.12140
Silvia, P. J., 2015. Intelligence and Creativity Are Pretty Similar After All. Educational Psychology Review, 27, 4, pp. 599–606. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10648-015-9299-1
Stansberry, S. L., 2017. Authentic teaching with technology through situated learning. Journal of Formative Design in Learning, 1, 1, pp. 16–30. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s41686-017-0004-2
Taleyarkan, M., Dasgupta, C., Garcia, J., Magana, A., 2018. Investigating the impact of using a CAD simulation tool on students’ learning of design thinking. Journal of science education and technology, 27, pp. 334–347. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10956-018-9727-3
Torrance, E. P., 1962. Guiding creative talent. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall, 278 p.
Torrance, E. P., 1965. Rewarding Creative Behavior. Experiments in Classroom Creativity. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall, 353 p.
Ustyuzhanina, A., Plotnikova, I., Efremova, O., 2017. Business games in Quality control for students of technical universities. Proceedings of 2017 IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference, pp. 44–47. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/EDUCON.2017.7942822
Whiley, D., Witt, B., Colvin, R. M., 2017. Enhancing critical thinking skills in first year environmental management students: a tale of curriculum design, application and reflection. Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 41, 2, pp. 166–181. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03098265.2017.1290590
Yanushchik, O. V., Batbold, M., Ustyuzhanina, A. K., 2015. Improving the Organization of the Learning Process in Mathematics for International Students of Technical Universities. Procedia – social and behavioral sciences. International Education and Cross-Cultural Communication, Problems and Solutions (IECC 2015), 215, pp. 202–206. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.11.621