Krivolapchuk Igor Allerovich
Доктор биологических наук, Head of Laboratory of Physiology of Muscular Activity and Physical Training, Institute of the Russian Academy of Education Institute for Developmental Physiology, i.krivolapchuk@mail.ru, Moscow
Barantsev Sergey Anatolievich
Prof., Institute of the Russian Academy of Education Institute for Developmental Physiology, i.krivolapchuk@mail.ru, Moscow
Mysh’yakov Vladimir Vasilyevich
Senior lecturer, Yanka Kupala State University of Grodno, ,, Grodno


The research results, received on the base of “doze-effect” dependence analysis give the evidence of significant differences to limit time of tension performance of the same physiological or subjective intensity among 9-10 aged children with different physical working capability. It points to the necessity of strict dozing of tension value at physical education lessons with the account of not only ergometric but also physiological and psychological criteria. It has also been identified that boys overpass girls by physical working capability level and motor readiness at the whole range of available tensions. The received results have served as the base to develop the physical tensions classification designed for 9-10 aged boys and girls. The given classification includes five zones characterizing by the differences at mechanisms of energetic and vegetative supply of muscles activity. It considers the maximum of tension duration, its physiological and subjective intensity, children’s working capability level.
physical tensions, classification, ergometric, physiological, subjective criteria, level of physical works.

1. Volkov, N. I., Olejnikov, V. I., 2011. Bioenergetics of sports: Monograph. Moscow: Soviet Sport Publ., 160 p. (In Russ.)
2. Zajceva, V. V., Son’kin, V. D., Burchik, M. V., Kornienko, I. A., 1997. Evaluation of the informativeness of ergometric indicators of efficiency. Human physiology, 23, No. 6, pp. 58–63. (In Russ.)
3. Karpman, V. L., Belocerkovskij, Z. B., Gudkov, I. A., 1988. Testing in sports medicine. Moscow: Physical Culture and Sports Publ., 208 p. (In Russ.)
4. Kornienko, I. A., Tambovceva, R. V., Panasyuk, T. V., Son’kin, V. D., 2000. Individual features of somatotype and energy of skeletal muscles in girls aged 7-11 years. Human physiology, 26, No. 2, pp. 87–92. (In Russ.)
5. Kornienko, I. A., Son’kin, V. D., Tambovceva, R. V., 2005. Age development of the energy of muscle activity: Results of a 30-year study. Message I. Structural and functional rearrangements. Human physiology, 31, No. 4, pp. 42–46. (In Russ.)
6. Krivolapchuk, I. A., 2009. Energy supply of muscular activity of children of 5-6 years and complex estimation of physical working capacity. Human physiology, 35, No. 1, pp. 76–87. (In Russ.)
7. Krivolapchuk, I. A., Barancev, S. A., Gerasimova, A. A., 2015. Determination of the permissible and optimal duration of cyclic loads taking into account the age and physical condition of schoolchildren. New study, 3, pp. 58–69. (In Russ.)
8. Lyubomirsky, L. Ye., ed., 1989. Normalization of loads in the physical education of schoolchildren. Moscow: Pedagogy Publ., 201 p. (In Russ.)
9. Nabatnikova, M. Ya., ed., 1982. Fundamentals of the management of training of young athletes. Moscow: Physical Culture and Sport Publ., 280 p. (In Russ.)
10. Son’kin, V. D., Tambovceva, R. V., 2011. Development of muscular energy and working capacity in ontogenesis. Moscow: LIBROKOM Publ., 368 p. (In Russ.)
11. Suharev, A. G., 1991. Health and physical education of children and adolescents. Moscow: Medicina Publ., 272 p. (In Russ.)
12. Wilmore, J., Kostill, D., 1997. Physiology of sport and motor activity. Kiev: Olympic literature Publ., 500 p. (In Russ.)
13. Bezrukikh, M. M., Farber, D. A., ed., 2010. Physiology of child development. Guide on the age physiology. Moscow: Moscow Psychological and Social Institute Publ., 768 p. (In Russ.)
14. Armstrong, N., Barker, A. R., McManus, A. M., 2015. Muscle metabolism changes with age and maturation: How do they relate to youth sport performance? Br J Sports Med, Vol. 49, № 13, pp. 860–864.
15. Borg, G., Borg, E., 2001. A new generation of scaling methods: level-anchored ratio scaling. Psychologica, 28, pp. 15–45.
16. Chandler, J. L., Brazendale, K., Beets, M. W., Mealing, B. A., 2016. Classification of physical activity intensities using a wrist worn. Pediatric Obesity, 11, No 2, pp. 120–127.
17. Chillón, P., Castro-Piñero, J., Ruiz, J. R., Soto, V. M., Carbonell-Baeza, A., Dafos, J., Vicente-Rodríguez, G., Castillo, M. J., Ortega, F. B., 2010. Hip flexibility is the main determinant of the back-saver sit-and-reach test in adolescents. J Sports Sci., Vol. 28, № 6, pp. 641–648.
18. Douma-van, Riet, D., Verschuren, O., Jelsma, D., Kruitwagen, C., Smits-Engelsman, B., Takken, T., 2012. Reference values for the muscle power sprint test in 6- to 12-year-old children. Pediatr Phys Ther, 24, № 4, pp. 327–32.
19. Global Recommendations on Physical activity for Health. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2010, 60 p.
20. Janssen, I., Leblanc, A., 2010. Systematic Review of the Health Benefits of Physical Activity in School-Aged Children and Youth. International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity, 7, № 40, pp. 1–16.
21. Karvonen, M. J., Viorimaa, T., 1988. Heart rate and exercise intensity during sport activities: Practical application. Sports Medicine, 5, pp. 303–312.
22. Kühnhausen, J., Dirk, J., Schmiedek, F., 2017. Individual classification of elementary school children’s physical activity: A time-efficient, group-based approach to reference measurements. Behav Res Methods, Vol. 49, № 2, pp. 685–697.
23. Mandigout, S., Lecoq, A. M., Courteix, D., Guenon, P., Obert, P., 2001. Effect of gender in response to an aerobic training programme in prepubertal children. Acta Paediatr, Vol. 90, № 1, pp. 9–15.
24. McMurray, R. G., Harrell, J. S., Bradley, C. B., Deng, S., Bangdiwala, S. I., 2003. Gender and ethnic changes in physical work capacity from childhood through adolescence. Res Q Exerc Sport, Vol. 4, № 2, pp. 143–152.
25. Nyberg, G. A., Nordenfelt, A. M., Ekelund, U., Marcus, C., 2009. Physical activity patterns measured by accelerometry in 6- to 10-yr-old children. Med Sci Sports Exerc., Vol. 41, № 10, pp. 1842–1848.
26. Physical Activity and Public Health. A Recommendation From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Sports Medicine. JAMA, 1995, Vol. 273, № 5, pp. 402–407.
27. Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, 2008, 683 p.
28. Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee. Washington, DC: US. Department of Health and Human Services, 2018, 779 p.
29. Pollock, M. L., Wilmore, J. H., 1990. Exercise in health and disease: Evaluation and prescription for prevention rehabitation (2nd ed). Pfiladelphia: W. B. Saunders Company, pp. 670–671.
30. Tjurin, P., Niemelä, M., Huusko, M., Ahola, R., Kangas, M., Jämsä, T., 2017. Classification of physical activities and sedentary behavior using raw data of 3D hip acceleration. European Medical and Biological Engineering Confernce Nordic-Baltic Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics EMBEC, NBC 2017: EMBEC & NBC 2017. Finland, pp. 872–875.
31. Tonson, A., Ratel, S., Le Fur, Y., Vilmen, C., Cozzone, P. J., Bendahan, D., 2010. Muscle energetics changes throughout maturation: a quantitative 31P-MRS analysis. J Appl Physiol., Vol. 109, № 6, pp. 1769–1778.
32. WHO launches Global Action Plan on Physical Activity. Available at: http://www.who.int/news-room/detail/04-06-2018-who-launches-global-actio... (accessed: 03.08.2018).