Bolshunova Nataliya Ykovlevna
Доктор психологических наук, Dr.Sci. (Psycholog.), Prof., Novosibirsk state pedagogical university, nat_bolshunova@mail.ru, Novosibirsk
Ustinova Olga Anatolievna
Кандидат психологических наук, Cand. Sci. (Psychol.), Assoc. Prof. of the Department of Psychology, Head of the Center for Socio-Cultural Development of Man, Kemerovo State University, ustinova_oly@mail.ru, Novokuznetsk

The Characteristics Mediation Dialogue with Children of Preschool and Primary School Age

The problem and research objectives. In article is formulated the problem of the characteristics mediation dialogue for preschool and primary school age as a means of preventing and resolving children’s conflicts in terms of their rise and exacerbation of the modern school, examined social and sociocultural causes of childhood conflicts Presented the state of research on child dialogue and its mainstreaming in children. Shows the need to apply in modern socio-cultural situation of new approaches for the prevention and resolving children’s conflicts; It is proved, that one of the most effective ways to work with children’s conflict is the spiritual-moral dialogue, applied in its age specifics. The basic requirements for a dialogue in the context of the specificity of children’s subculture of preschool and primary school age. It is shown that an essential condition for the development of spiritual and moral dialogue and its effective use in mediation is creating a favourable socio-psychological and socio-cultural situation based on the Organization of education in forms children’s subculture. In the empirical part describes projects and programmes for the development of children’s dialogue in the context of the socio-cultural development of preschool and primary school age the analysis of the results of developmental experiment in kindergarten and in elementary school, the use of dialogue to update and develop the capacity for forgiveness and reconciliation. In the conclusion of shows need for modern socio-cultural conditions of special work on development signed mediation of spiritual and moral dialogue, based on the specificity of children’s subculture, as a means of preventing and resolving children’s conflict in preschool and elementary school students.
children’s conflict, children’s subculture, mediation, mediativnyj dialogue, socio-cultural development, forgiveness, values, preschoolers, primary school age

1. Ancupov, A. Y., Shipilov, A. I., 2015. Conflictology. Training manual for students. St. Petersburg: Piter Publ., 528 p. (In Russ.)
2. Batishchev, G. S., 1995. Submerged culture of communication. Voprosy filosofii, 3, pp. 95-129. (In Russ.)
3. Bocharov, S. G., Averintsev, S. S., 1979. Aesthetics of verbal creativity. Moscow: Iskusstvo Publ., 423 p. (In Russ.)
4. Berdyaev, N. A., 2000. Creativity and objectification. Minsk: Medisont Publ., 304 p. (In Russ.)
5. Bern, E., 1988. Games people play. The Psychology of human relationships. People who play games. Psychology GIA human destiny. Moscow: Progress Publ., 400 p. (In Russ.)
6. Bolshunova, N. Ya., 2000. Education preschoolers in the forms of games means tales: training manual for students. Novosibirsk: Novosibirsk state pedagogical university Publ., 372 p. (In Russ.)
7. Bolshunova, N. Ya., Inchina, M. V., 2013. Development of individuality and subjectivity in the forms of children's subculture: the manual. Novosibirsk: Novosibirsk state pedagogical university Publ., 232 p. (In Russ.)
8. Bolshunova, N. Ya., Ustinova, O. A., 2016. "Voproschivost" and "otvetchivost" as an inside job development I. Chelpanovskie image reading 2016: Dialogue of scientific schools Psychological Institute: L. S. Vygotsky, B. M. Teplov, G. I. Chelpanov: collection of scientific materials All-Russian scientific-practical Conference (Moscow, November 15, 2016). Almanac of the scientific archive of the psychological Institute. Issue 8. Moscow; St. Petersburg: Nestor-history, 541 p. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)
9. Bolshunova, N. Ya., Ustinova, O. A., 2017. Kids conflict: causes, consequences and possible solutions in the context of children's subculture. Siberian pedagogical magazine, 6, pp. 115-124. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)
10. Wenger, A. L., 2008. Child in society: the historical crisis of childhood. Psychology, 4,
pp. 3-12. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)
11. Leontiev, D. A., 2018. Call uncertainty as the central problem of Psychology Personality. Psychological studies, Vol. 11, No. 61. Available at: http://psystudy.ru (accessed: 04.10.2018).
(In Russ., abstract in Eng.)
12. Nepomnyashchaya, N. I., 2001. Psychodiagnostics of personality: theory and practice: learning to benefit top Stud. learning facility. Moscow: VLADOS Publ., 192 p. (In Russ.)
13. Pechin, Y. V., 2014 (a). Forgiveness as therapy cultural trauma. Siberian pedagogical magazine, 1, pp. 171-174. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)
14. Polivanova, K. N. Maturing today: social changes of modern childhood. Available at: http://sch2083.mskobr.ru/files/social_nye_izmeneniya_sovremennogo_detstv... (accessed: 04.10.2018). (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)
15. Smirnova, E. O., Galiguzova, L. N., Meshcheryakova, S. Y., 2014.The estimated collective educational program for young children (1-3 years) "first steps". Moscow. Available at: www.firo.ru/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Pervye-shagi.pdf) (accessed: 04.10.2018). (In Russ.)
16. Rubinstein, S. L., 1973. General Psychology Problems. Moscow: Pedagogy Publ., 424 p. (In Russ.)
17. Sorokina, A. I., 1945. Motives issues child of preschool age: dis. ph.d. in pedagogical sciences. Leningrad, 130 p. (In Russ.)
18. Sloterdijk, P., 2005. Sphere. Mikrosferologija, vol. I Bubbles. St. Petersburg: Nauka Publ., 654 p. (In Russ.)
19. Ustinova, O. A., 2012. "Image-I" and its development means dialogue: dis. ph.d. Psychology sciences. Moscow, 456 p. (In Russ.)
20. Ukhtomsky, A. A., 2002. Domination. St. Petersburg: Piter Publ., 448 p. (In Russ.).
21. Feldstein, D. I., 2011. Profound changes of modern childhood and due to their actualization of psycho-pedagogical problems of educational development. Bulletin of applied psychology education, 4, pp. 3-12. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)
22. Florenskaya, T. A., 2001. Dialogue in practical psychology: the science of the soul. Moscow: VLADOS Publ., 208 p. (In Russ.)
23. Jelkonin, D. B., 1995. Mental development in children ages: selected psychological works. Moscow; Voronezh: Institute of applied psychology Publ.: MODJEK Publ., 416 p. (In Russ.)
24. Jelkonin, B. D., 1992. Crisis of childhood and the founding of design forms of child development. Questions psychology, 3, pp. 7-13. (In Russ.)
25. Elkind, D., 2009. Hurried Child: Growing Up Too Fast Too Soon. Hachette UK, 288 ?. (In Eng.)
26. Postman, N., 1994. The Disappearance of Childhood. - New York: Vintage Books Publ., 178 ?. (In Eng.)