UDC: 
УДК 376.36
Fur Ekaterina Petrovna
Postgraduate Student, Russian State Pedagogical University. A. I. Herzen, fur-ekaterina@mail.ru, Novosibirsk

Special characteristics of the development of the syntactic component of the linguistic competence in primary school children with speech disorders

Abstract: 
The article presents theoretical analysis of linguistic, psycholinguistic, neurolinguistic and logopedic literature on the problem of researching the syntactic component of the linguistic competence in primary school children with speech disorders. Purpose of the article - to present a theoretical analysis of linguistic, psycholinguistic, neuro-linguistic and speech therapy literature on the problem of studying the syntactic component of the language ability of younger students with speech disorders. The topicality of researching the processes of syntactic formation is conditioned, on the one hand, by the importance of the development of the syntactic component of the linguistic competence in primary school children with speech disorders, and on the other hand, by the fact that the subject and methods of logopedic work have not been sufficiently developed in this direction. The ill-forming of the syntactic component of the linguistic competence in primary school children with speech disorders manifests itself in omitting subjects, predicates and objects, violating sentence boundaries and word order, adding words not prescribed in the meaning of the utterance, mistakes in grammatical expression of the utterance as well as violating such ways of connection as government and concord. Utterances produced by the schoolchildren of this category are characterized by sense distortion, omitting important logical items, violating the sequence of narrated events, logical incompletion of the utterance, violating the syntactic links between sentences, and difficulties with conveying temporal and spatial relations. Speech of primary school children is characterized by wide usage of one-word sentences. Researchers also highlight ill-formed process of predication in primary school children with speech disorders. The children are able to understand logical dependence between facts in composite sentences but experience difficulties when formulating grammatically correct thoughts syntactically shaped as a compound or complex sentence. Some researchers observe increase in the ill-forming of the syntactic component of the linguistic competence in written speech of the primary school children.
Keywords: 
linguistic competence, syntax, levels of syntactic formation, severe speech disorders, primary school children, speech disorders.
References: 

1. Akhutina T. V., 2008. Generation of speech: Neuro-linguistic analysis of syntax. Moscow: Publishing House LKI, 224 p. (In Russ.)
2. Vorobiev V. K., 1975. Features of the coherent speech of schoolchildren with motor alalia // Violation of speech and voice in children. Moscow: MGPI them. V. I. Lenin, pp. 55-65. (In Russ.)
3. Glukhov V. P., 2002. Formation of coherent speech of children of preschool age with general speech underdevelopment. Moscow: ARKTI, 144 p. (In Russ.)
4. Grinshpun B. M., 1968. Underdevelopment of speech in preschoolers. Preschool education. 8. pp. 63-67. (In Russ.)
5. Gumennaya G. S., 1991. Psychological and pedagogical typology of children with speech underdevelopment. Theory and practice of remedial education for preschoolers with speech disorders. Moscow, pp. 41-72. (In Russ.)
6. Zolotov, A. A., et al., 2004. Communicative grammar of the Russian language / G. A. Zolotov, N. K. Onipenko, M. Yu. Sidorova. Institute of Russian Language. V. V. Vinogradov RAS, 544 p. (In Russ.)
7. Kovshikov V. А., 2001. Expressive alalia: Proc. manual for special course. Moscow: Institute of Humanitarian Studies, 96 p. (In Russ.)
8. Lalayeva R. I., 2001. Formation of vocabulary and grammatical structure in schoolchildren with a general underdevelopment of speech. Moscow, 123 p. (In Russ.)
9. Levina, P. E., 1951. Experience in the study of non-speaking children-alalics. Moscow: Science, 120 p. (In Russ.)
10. Leontiev A. A., 2005. The foundations of psycholinguistics. Moscow: ed. Center "Academy", 288 p.
11. Luria A. R. 2007. Basic problems of neurolinguistics. Moscow: Publishing House LKI, 256 p. (In Russ.)
12. Orfinskaya V. K., 1960. Comparative analysis of speech disorders in aphasia and alalia: Abstract of dissertation for the degree of candidate of psychol. Sciences 25 p. (In Russ.)
13. Rakhmakova G. N., 1987. Features of the construction of sentences in the speech of younger students with mental retardation. Defectology. 6. pp. 3-9. (In Russ.)
14. Slepovich E. S., 1981. Some features of monologue speech of older preschoolers with mental retardation. Defectology. pp. 68-74. (In Russ.)
15. Sobotovich E. F., 1981. Formation of correct speech in children with motor alalia. Kiev: KGPI, 149 p. (In Russ.)
16. Spirova L. F., 1980. Features of the speech development of students with severe speech disorders. Moscow: The Enlightenment, 192 p. (In Russ.)
17. Khalilova L. B., 1997. Semantic violations and ways to overcome them in children with speech disorders. Psycholinguistics and modern speech therapy. Moscow: Economy, pp. 227-240. (In Russ.)
18. Tsvetkova, L. S., 1968. [Study of impaired predicative function of speech in dynamic aphasia]. Psychological Studies. Moscow: Publishing House of the Moscow Psychological and Social Institute, pp. 47-52. (In Russ.)
19. Tseitlin, S. N., 2004. Children's Speech as a Subject of Linguistic Research. Proceedings of the International Conference. SPb.: Science, pp. 275-279. (In Russ.)
20. Shakhnarovich A. M., Yurieva N. M., 1990. Psycholinguistic analysis of semantics and grammar: On the material ontogeny of speech. Moscow: Science, 165 p. (In Russ.)
21. Shakhovskaya S. N., 1969. Speech therapy work on the formation of the grammatical structure of the speech of children suffering from motor alalia: dissertation dissertation. ... Cand. ped. Sciences: 13.00.03 Moscow. 23 p. (In Russ.)
22. Shcherba L.V., 1974. The Difficulties of the Syntax of the Russian Language for Russian Pupils. The Language System and Speech Activity. L.: Science, 429 p. (In Russ.)
23. S. B. Yakovlev, 1985. On the question of agrammatism in writing for schoolchildren with severe speech disorders. Identification and correction of neuropsychiatric and speech disorders in children. L.: Publishing house of them. A.I. Herzen, pp. 52-55. (In Russ.)
24. Bates E., 1976. Language and context: The Asquisition of Pragmatics N. Y. p. 234.
25. Chomsky N., 1965. Aspects of the Theory of Syntax, p. 261.
26. Danes F. A., 1964. three-level approach to syntax. Travaux linguistigues de Prague. Vol. I. pp. 71-79.
27. Greenfield P. M., Smith J. H., 1976. The structure of communication in early language development. N. Y. p. 128.
28. McNeill D., William H., 1981. "Discrepancies among the Social Sciences". Conspectus of History 1.7 pp. 35-45.
29. Miller G. A., 1969. The organization of lexical memory: Are word association sufficient? The Pathology of Memory. N. Y. p. 234.