Safronova Margarita Victorovna
Кандидат психологических наук, Candidate of psychological sciences., assistant professor of social work and social anthropology, Novosibirsk State Technical University, safronova-rita@mail.ru, Novosibirsk
Grebennikova Irina Nikolaevna
Кандидат биологических наук, Candidate of Biological Sciences, Head. Department of Theoretical Foundations of Physical Culture, Associate Professor, Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, tmfk2004@mail.ru, Novosibirsk
Safronov Igor Dmitrievich
Доктор медицинских наук, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, safronov1962@mail.ru, Novosibirsk
Salimzyanov Radik Rafikovich
Кандидат педагогических наук, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head. Department of Physical Culture and Sports, Ulyanovsk Institute of Civil Aviation named after the Chief Marshal of Aviation B. P. Bugaev, ,, Ulyanovsk

The Influence of Sport on Psychological Well-Being and Mental Health of Students of Different Ages of Students

ntroduction. At present, insufficient attention is paid to research on the importance of sports activities for the psychological well-being of children and youth at the stage of sports specialization. On the one hand, playing sports is the prevention of psychological problems of the younger generation, on the other, the participation of a child in serious sports competitions is a dangerous mental load for health. The question of optimal for mental health sports load of students of different ages is far from a reasonable solution. The purpose of the article is to identify the importance of sports activities of school students for the psychological well-being and mental health of boys and girls of different ages. Methodology and research methods. The study involved 658 parents of students in the first – tenth grades of schools in Novosibirsk. Parents answered the questionnaire about the regularity of sports and the duration of sports activity of the child, filled out the questionnaire “Strengths and difficulties” R. Goodman, which allowed to identify emotional and behavioral problems, difficulties in communicating with peers, the severity of hyperactivity and prosocial behavior. Research result. All students had a non-linear relationship between the intensity of sports and hyperactivity. It was found that children’s and youth sports are a factor of protection from emotional problems of primary school students. Boys-middle school students involved in sports had fewer problems with behavior and communication with peers, emotional problems. They were more likely to exhibit prosocial behavior. For the psychological well-being of high school students, the protection factor was training twice a week. Daily exercise became a risk factor for behavior problems in boys and communication difficulties with peers in girls. High school students who did not play sports had more emotional problems compared to those who attended sports sections. Conclusion. Systematic, but not intensive (daily) sports were a factor in protecting the mental health of students.
schoolchildren, sports, psychological well-being, boys, girls.

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