Shutenko Andrey Ivanovich
Кандидат педагогических наук, Cand. Sci. (Pedag.), the Senior Scientific Fellow, Institute of Economics and Management, Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shuhov, avalonbel@mail.ru, Belgorod
Shutenko Elena Nikolaevna
Кандидат психологических наук, Associate Professor of Department of the General and Clinical Psychology, Belgorod National Research University, shutenko@bsu.edu.ru , Belgorod
Lokteva Anna Vladimirovna
Кандидат психологических наук, Cand. Sci. (Psychol.), Assis. Prof. of Department of the General and Clinical Psychology, Belgorod National Research University, Afanasjeva@bsu.edu.ru, Belgorod

Educational Resource and Functions of Volunteering Activities as a Sphere of Students’ Self-Realization

The study is devoted to the educational aspects of the development of modern students in the context of their attraction to volunteer work. The purpose of this study is to reveal the pedagogical advantages and opportunities of volunteering activities as an efficient form of students’ full-fledged self-realization. Methodology. The work is based on the methodology of the activity and sociocultural approaches to psychological development of personality, as well as the theory and method of collective affairs, systems and holistic approaches to education. The study identified the main motives of students’ participation in volunteering activities, among which there are the motives of self-fulfillment and social recognition. The conditions of attracting students to volunteering are described; the leading one is social support of their collective initiatives. Using a systematic approach, the authors uncovered the functions of volunteering activities (personality development function, identification function, creative-transformative function, professional-labor function, axiological function, moral-spiritual function, humanistic function etc.). The socializing potential of volunteering is revealed; it is realized through implementation of training, educational and developing components of this activity as factors of holistic development of modern youth. The conclusion of the article summarizes the motivational factors and pedagogical possibilities of volunteering, in particular, the socializing mechanism of volunteering, namely – socially positive effect of student's manifestation of their personal qualities in the situation of disinterested and helpful actions.
volunteering activities, students, self-realization, motivation of volunteering, psychological-pedagogical functions, socializing potential

1. Brewis B., Russell J. & Holdworth C. (2010). Bursting the bubble: students, volunteering and the community. London: National Co-ordinating Centre for Public Engagement (NCCPE), 157 p.
2. Cox E. (2002). Rewarding volunteers: a study of participant responses to the assessment and accreditation of volunteer learning. Studies in the Education of Adults, Vol. 34(2), pp. 156-170.
3. Dekker P. & Halman L. (Eds.) (2003). The Values of Volunteering: Cross-Cultural Perspectives. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum, 226 p.
4. Fromm E. (1956). The Art of Loving. An Enquiry into the Nature of Love. New York: Harper & Brothers, 157 p.
5. Gnevasheva V.A. (2008). Rossijskaya molodezh' v nachale XXI veka: ee social'nyj obraz dlya nas i dlya mira [Russian youth at the beginning of the XXI century: its social image for us and for the world]. Znanie. Ponimanie. Umenie [Knowledge. Understanding. Skill]. No 2, pp. 24-37 (in Russ., abstact. in Eng.).
6. Gorshkov M.K., Sheregi F.E. (2010). Molodezh' Rossii: sociologicheskij portret [Youth of Russia: a sociological portrait]. Moscow: CSFaM, 592 p.
7. Ilyin V.I. (2007). Byt i bytie molodezhi rossijskogo megapolisa: social'naya strukturaciya povsednevnosti obshchestva potrebleniya [Everyday life and being of youth of the Russian metropolis: the social structuring of a consumer society]. St. Petersburg: Intersocis, 388 p.
8. Kudrinskaya L.A. (2006). Dobrovol'cheskij trud: sushchnost', funkcii, specifika [Volunteering labor: essence, functions, specificity]. Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya [Sociological Studies (Socis)]. No. 5, pp. 15-22 (in Russ., abstact. in Eng.).
9. Lacey A., Ilcan S. (2006). Responsible Citizenship, and International NGOs. International Journal of Comparative Sociology, Vol. 47(1), pp. 34-53.
10. Low N., Butt S., Ellis P. & Davis Smith J. (2007). Helping out: a national survey of volunteering and charitable giving. London: Cabinet Office, 135 p.
11. Marta E. & Pozzi M. (2008). Young people and volunteerism: A model of sustained volunteerism during the transition to adulthood. Journal of Adult Development, Vol. 15(1), pp. 35-46.
12. Nosova Y.I. (2012). Volonterstvo kak social'no-kul'turnyj fenomen: genezis i osnovnye harakteristik [Volunteering as a social and cultural phenomenon: genesis and main features]. Vestnik Kazanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta kul'tury i iskusstv [Bulletin of Kazan State University of Culture and Arts], No. 3-1, pp. 62-65 (in Russ., abstact. in Eng.).
13. Pozdnyakova M.E. (2017). Osobennosti deviantnogo povedeniya sovremennoj rossijskoj molodezhi: na puti kriminalizacii i desocializacii [Features of the deviant behavior of modern Russian youth: on the path of criminalization and desocialization]. Rossiya reformiruyushchayasya: ezhegodnik [Reforming Russia: Yearbook], Issue 15, M.K. Gorshkov (Ed.). Moscow: New Chronograph, pp. 516-548.
14. Rochester C., Paine A. E. & Howlett S. (2010). Volunteering and society in the 21st century. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. 274 p.
15. Rogers C.R. (1961). On becoming a person: a therapist's view of psychotherapy. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 420 p.
16. Shutenko E.N. (2018). Psihologicheskoe zdorov'e molodezhi v usloviyah sociokul'turnyh transformacij sovremennogo obshchestva [The psychological health of youth in the conditions of sociocultural transformations of modern society]. Psiholog [Psychologist], No. 3, pp. 32-40 (in Russ., abstact. in Eng.).
17. Sitarov V.A., Shutenko A.I., Shutenko E.N. (2007). Obraz sovremennoy molodezhi v kontekste samorealizatsii v vuzovskom obuchenii [Image of modern youth in the context of self-realization in higher school education]. Sibirskiy pedagogicheskiy zhurnal [Siberian Pedagogical Journal]. No 10, pp. 313-326. (in Russ., abstact. in Eng.).
18. Tarasova N.V. (2012). Volonterskaya deyatel'nost' kak istoriko-pedagogicheskij fenomen [Volunteering activities as a historical-pedagogical phenomenon]. Pedagogicheskoe obrazovanie v Rossii [Pedagogical Education in Russia], No. 4, pp. 46-52 (in Russ., abstact. in Eng.).
19. Weston C., Guardini E., Minnion A. & Kwiatkowska G. (2013). Volunteering and learning in HE: exploring and acknowledging student experience. Research in Teacher Education, Vol. 3(2), pp. 7–14.
20. Wilson J. (2000). Volunteering. Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 26, pp. 215-240.