Voynov Viktor Borisovich
Доктор биологических наук, Dr. Sci (Biolog.), chief researcher, Southern Federal University, vvoynov@sfedu.ru, Rostov-on-Don
Brikunova Svetlana Sergeevna
Кандидат педагогических наук, Cand. Sci. (Pedag.), Assoc. Prof. of the Faculty Psychology, Pedagogy and Defectology, Don State Technical University, svetabrik@bk.ru, Rostov-on-Don

Psychophysiolo- gical Approach to Health from the Position of Health-Saving Pedagogy

The article presents the main definitions of the psychophysiological approach to the category "health," which allow to fill the methodology of "healthy-saving pedagogy." The importance of controlling the quality of children 's growth and development and the quantity of their health in the current work of the School is proved. Approaches to the development of methods and means of formation, development and preservation of health of students and pupils of educational institutions are revealed. The purpose of the article is to reveal methodological aspects of health-saving pedagogy with a focus on primary school, to present practical results of many years of implementation of these ideas in school educational institutions of Rostov region. Methodology. The health of the student in the context of the problems discussed is not only a category of medical or philosophical, but rather a psychophysiological one that unites the ability of the child to adequately function and develop in the specified conditions. Health is, first of all, the ability of interacting systems of his body to ensure the implementation of unconditional, instinctive programs, phenotypic behavior and mental activity aimed at the social, cultural, spiritual sphere of life of a child of a specific age period. The article postulates that the category "health" is becoming an increasingly important component of the development of concepts of modernization of the educational system, organization of current work in educational institutions.
health; growth; development; healthy saving pedagogics; diagnostics; monitoring; formation, development and preservation of health

1 Abaskalova, N. P., Zverkova, A. Yu., 2016. Scientific review: a systematic approach in health pedagogy // Scientific review. Pedagogical science. No. 2, pp. 5-24. (In Russ.)
2 Aisman, R.I., 2012. Health of teachers and students - a key task of modern school // Journal of Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University. No 3 (7), pp. 24-35. (In Russ.)
3 Baevsky, P.M., 1979. Prediction of states on the edge of norm and pathology. M. 298 p. (In Russ.)
4 Besrukich, M.M., 2011. Preservation of children 's health as an important direction of development of the education system. Scientific research in education. No 7, pp. 3-10. (In Russ.)
5 Besrukich, M.M., Voynov, V.B., Kulba, S.N., Shurygina, I.P., 2014. Studying of visual acuity of school students of 7-17 years in dynamics of training. Georgian Medical News. No. 12 (237), pp. 55-60. (In Russ.)
6 Brechman, I.I., 1990. Valeologiya - science of health. 2nd edition, revised and additional. M.: Physical education and sports. 208 p. (In Russ.)
7 Voynov, V.B., 2009. Psychophysiological aspects of human health. Valeology. No 2, pp.73-82. (In Russ.)
8 Voynov, V.B., 2011. Mechanisms of functional maturation of higher nervous activity in the cycle of sleep-waking, ensuring adequacy of adaptation of the child to school. avtoref. diss. … doctors. biol. sciences. Astrakhan. Rostov-on-Don. 46 p. (In Russ.).
9 Voynov, V.B., Brikunova, S.S., 2014. Training of teachers for primary school in the context of development of the paradigm of healthy-saving pedagogy. Humanities and social sciences. No 2, pp.280-283. (In Russ.)
10 Voynov, V.B., Kulba, S.N., Pozharskaya, E.N., Chausova, L.K., 2013. Regional features of morphophysiological development of children of school age of Rostov region//International scientific conference "Population of the South of Russia from ancient times to the present day" (Don anthropological readings). (26-30 Aug. 2013, Rostov-on-Don, Russia). Rostov: Publishing House of SSC RAS, pp.108-110. (In Russ.)
11 Kasnacheev, V.P., 2003. Theoretical foundations of valeology. Fundamental foundations. Novosibirsk, 234 p. (In Russ.)
12 Kienko, T.S., 2014. Life and health as categories of philosophical axiology and philosophy of life. Humanities and social sciences. No 2, pp.300-303. (In Russ.)
13 Kulba, S.N., Voynov, V.B., Pozharskaya, E.N., Glumov, A.G., Gaponenko, M.V., Sokolova, E.E., Lobanov, I.Y., 2014. Peculiarities of body mass index in schoolchildren of Rostov region. Valeology. No 4, pp.62-69. (In Russ.)
14 Kurayev, G.A., Vojnov, V.B., 2004 Psychophysiological Ideas on Formation, Development and Preservation of Human Health//Journal of New Medical Technologies. V. XI. No 1-2, pp. 5-60. (In Russ.)
15 Pyzharskaya, E.N., 2007. Anthropocentric paradigm of education - basis of healthy-saving pedagogical model of modern school. Valeology. No 2, pp. С.47-51. (In Russ.)
16 Pyzharskaya, E.N., 2014. Assessment of healthy environment of educational institution: tutorial. Rostov-on-Don: DGTU-Print. 88 p. (In Russ.)
17 Sergeant, V.F., Nevolin, V.F., Edimskaya, N.A., 1986. Theory of Personality and Theory of Medicine//Philosophy and Medicine. Leningrad: University of Leningrad. pp.187-211. (In Russ.)
18 RF Federal Law "About Education in the Russian Federation" of 29.12.2012 N 273-FZ (edition of 21.07.2014). Consultant Plus: http//www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_140174/ (Accessed 16.08.2019) (In Russ.)
19 Hoffmann, T., Thomas, R., & Del Mar, C., 2014. Communicating school health screening results to parents and children // B. McPherson, & C. J. Driscoll (Eds.), School Health Screening Systems. Pp. 221-236.
20 Cadman, D., Chambers, L.W., Walter, S.D., Ferguson, R., Johnston, N., McNamee, J., 1987. Evaluation of public health preschool child development screening. The process and outcomes of a community program. American Journal of Public Health, 77 (1), pp. 45-51. (In Eng.).
21 Schwartz, A.E., Leardo, M., Aneja, S., Elbel, B., 2016. Effect of a school-based water intervention on child body mass index and obesity. JAMA Pediatr. 170, pp. 220–226. (In Eng.).
22 Voynov, V.B., Kulba, S.N., Arapova, Yu.Yu., 2017. Growth and development in school-age children from Rostov region, Russia: Comparison between urban and rural settings. HOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology. V.68. I.6, pp.465-478. (In Eng.).