Kucherevskaya Marina Olegovna
Кандидат педагогических наук, Deputy Director for Scientific and Methodical Work of the Institute of Arts, Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, keymarina@mail.ru, Novosibirsk
Deich Boris Arkadevich
Кандидат педагогических наук, Cand.Sci. (Pedag.), Аssoc. Prof., Head of the theory and methodology of educational systems department, Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, deich67@mail.ru, Novosibirsk

Use of Active Learning Methods in Formation of Professional – Pedagogical Direction in Future Pedagogues of Additional Education

The article considers the problem of the formation of a professional – pedagogical orientation in the preparation of future pedagogue of additional education. An analysis of the experience of using active learning methods to solve this problem is presented. The authors present two forms of work (individual and group) and three methods of active learning (teaching discussion, solving game pedagogical problems, role play) with first-year students of a pedagogical university. The purpose of the article is to determine the possibilities of using active learning methods to form the professional and pedagogical orientation of students – future pedagogues of additional education. Methodology. The approaches of N. V. Kuzmina, V. A. Slastenin, A. I. Shcherbakov and others to the definition of the essence of a professionally-pedagogical orientation; the works of K. A. Abulkhanova-Slavskaya, A. A. Verbitsky, V. V. Davydov, I. Ya. Lerner, G. P. Shchedrovitsky and others on the problems of active learning methods; approaches of L. N. Buylova, V. P. Golovanova, E. B. Evladova, B. V. Kupriyanova, I. I. Frischman to the theory and methodology of e additional ducation. Research result. To analyze the results of an empirical study, we used the survey method (questioning) and the control method (essay writing). The effectiveness of the approach used is confirmed by the positive dynamics of the level of professional orientation of freshmen in three years (2017, 2018, 2019). Conclusion. The main idea of the article: the use of active teaching methods in the preparation of future pedagogues of additional education allows you to create a professional and pedagogical orientation (interest in pedagogical activity, pedagogical calling, intentions and inclinations), stimulate the processes of professional self-development and self-improvement.
additional education; pedagogue of additional education; methods of active learning; professional and pedagogical orientation; university studies; pedagogical education; problematic education

1. Abulkhanova-Slavskaya, K. A., 1988. The problem of personality activity. Methodology and strategy of cognition. Activity and life position of an individua. Moscow, 228 p. (In Russ.)
2. Bozovic, L. I., 1968. Personality and its formation in childhood: A psychological study. Moscow: Enlightenment Publ., 464 p. (In Russ.)
3. Buylova, L. N., 2015. Modern trends in updating the content of additional general educational programs for general development. Innovation science, no. 8, pp. 83–88. (In Russ.)
4. Verbitsky, A. A., 1991. Active learning in higher education: a contextual approach. Moscow: Higher School Publ., 205 p. (In Russ.)
5. Davydov, V. V., 1986. Problems of developing learning: the experience of theoretical and experimental psychological research. Moscow: Pedagogy Publ., 240 p. (In Russ.)
6. Evladova, E. B., Loginova, L. G., 2014. Self-organization as a promising opportunity for the development of additional education of children [online]. Vestnik of Kostroma state university named after N. A. Nekrasova, vol. 20. Available at: https://elibrary.ru/download/ elibrary_21808009_49257943.pdf (accessed: 05.15.2020). (In Russ.)
7. Evladova, E. B., Loginova, L. G., Mikhailova, N. N., 2002. Further education of children. Moscow: VLADOS Publ., 178 p. (In Russ.)
8. Kodzhaspirova, G. M., Kodzaspirov, A. Yu., 2001. Pedagogical dictionary: for students of higher and secondary pedagogical educational institutions. Moscow: Academy Publ., 176 p. (In Russ.)
9. Kuzmina, N. V., 1961. Formation of pedagogical abilities. Leningrad: Leningrad State University Publ., 98 p. (In Russ.)
10. Kucherevskaya, M. O., 2013. Formation at the university of the readiness of teachers to organize leisure activities in institutions of additional education of children. Moscow: Russian State Social University Publ., 245 p. (In Russ.)
11. Levanova, E. A., 1995. Formation of the practical readiness of a teacher to interact with students in extracurricular activities. Moscow, 31 p. (In Russ.)
12. Lerner, I. Y., 1974. Problematic education Moscow: Knowledge Publ., 64 p. (In Russ.)
13. Payzullaeva, K. U., 2017. Active teaching methods in the preparation of primary school teachers. Bulletin of science and education, vol. 1, no. 6 (30), pp. 91–94. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)
14. Rukovishnikov, Yu. S., 2017. Learning in cooperation as a method of active learning a foreign language at a university. Young scientist, no. 14 (148), pp. 649–651. (In Russ.)
15. Slastenin, V. A., 1976. Formation of the personality of the teacher of the Soviet school in the process of his professional training. Moscow: Education Publ., 160 p. (In Russ.)
16. Slastenin, V. A., Mazhar, N. E., 1991. Diagnostics of professional suitability of youth for pedagogical activity. Moscow: Prometheus Publ., 141 p. (In Russ.)
17. Smolkin, A. M., 1991. Methods of active learning. Moscow: Higher School Publ., 176 p. (In Russ.)
18. Stefanovskaya, T. A., 2000. The technology of teaching pedagogy at a university. Toolkit. Moscow: Perfection Publ., 272 p. (In Russ.)
19.Trefilova, O. L., 2020. Active and interactive teaching methods [online]. Bulletin of the Russian New University. Series: Man in the Modern World, no. 2. pp. 43–47. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/download/ elibrary_42897730_30474069.pdf (accessed: 05.18.2020). (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)
20. Chmir, R. A., Vlasova, Yu. A., 2015. Role-playing game as the implementation of active learning methods in the discipline “Methodology of teaching biology”. Scientific notes of the Tambov branch of the RSMU, no. 3, pp. 145–149. (In Russ.)
21. Shepshinskaya, I. M., 2013. Case study as an active method of teaching foreign languages at a pedagogical university. Siberian Pedagogical Journal, no. 5, pp. 126–129. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)
22. Shchedrovitsky, P. G., 1991. Problems of reflection in the theory of activity and SMD. Problems of methodology, no. 2, pp. 47–66. (In Russ.)
23. Shcherbakov, A. I., 1968. Formation of the personality of the teacher of the Soviet school in the system of higher pedagogical education. Leningrad: Leningrad State University Publ., 120 p. (In Russ.)
24. Yarullina, L. R., 2014. Use of the case method as a method of active training for vocational education teachers [online]. Actual problems of the development of vertical integration of the education system, science and business: economic, legal and social aspects. Materials of the 11th International Scientific and Practical Conference (23–24 October 2014, Voronezh). Voronezh. Vol. 1, pp. 262–267. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/download/elibrary_23312034_85536172. pdf (accessed: 14.05.2020).