Novikov Ivan Nikolaevich
Adjunct, Perm Military Institute of the National Guard Troops of the Russian Federation, fightnew@mail.ru, Perm

Theoretical Foundations of Professional Education of Students of Military Institutes.

At present, the education of Rosgvardia personnel in line with their professional activities plays an important role in maintaining high combat readiness of the troops of the National Guard of the Russian Federation, as well as successfully completing service and combat missions for their intended purpose in a timely manner. Taking into account changes in the legislative framework, experience in conducting hostilities and performing service and combat tasks, conducting exercises, prospects for the development of organizational forms and technical equipment of troops, as well as tactics of enemy actions, it is relevant to build up the education of Rosguard personnel on a strictly scientific basis using the latest scientific achievements. Purpose – to study the main approaches to the interpretation of the term “professional education”, to identify and reveal the factors that influence the development of professional qualities of the personnel of the Russian Guard. Research methods. Used theoretical research methods, such as - study, analysis, generalization, analysis and modeling. Research results. Based on the analysis of scientific literature, five main approaches to the interpretation of the term “professional education” are considered: value, system, identity, personal and activity. Based on the analysis of the above approaches, by professional education of Rosgvardia personnel, we mean the process of purposeful development and self-development of professionally significant personal qualities of servicemen (employees) in the context of service and professional activities, as well as the purposeful work of commanders and chiefs (control bodies) to organize service – combat activity, stimulating the manifestation of a set of professional and personal qualities in servicemen (employees), necessary for the performance of assigned official duties and the personal activity of personnel aimed at self-improvement. The article also reveals the factors influencing the formation and development of professional qualities of the personnel of the Russian Guard in the process of service and combat activities: – service and professional factors – are formed in a purposefully controlled process of service and combat activities, and include: classes in combat (professional) training, performance of duties of combat service (in a military dress), moral and psychological support, other areas of service and combat activities; – environmental factors – have an indirect effect on the personnel, these include: information environment, military collective, family, friends, acquaintances, military rituals, wearing military uniforms, military symbols; – personal factors – reflect the intrapersonal level of mental activity of servicemen (employees) and imply in themselves: motivation for self-improvement, personal activity and professional reflection. Conclusion. It is concluded that it is necessary to optimize the process of educating Rosguard personnel by covering all areas of military professional activity.
serviceman, Rosgvardia, professional education, combat (professional) training, combat service, moral and psychological support, service and combat activities, personality activity, professional reflection, self-improvement process

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