UDC: 
373.1
Petrishchev Vladimir Innokentievich
Доктор педагогических наук, Dr. Sci. (Pedag.), Prof., Prof. of Department Language training, St. Petersburg University of Civil Aviation, vpetrichtchev@hotmail.com, St. Petersburg
Grass Tatiana Petrovna
Доктор педагогических наук, Dr. Sci. (Pedag.), Assist. Prof. of Department Economics, St. Petersburg University of Civil Aviation, tpgrass@mail.ru, St. Petersburg
Krasheninnikova Anastasia
Senior lecturer at the chair of Philology, Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical University named after V.P. Astafiev, atansy2@mail.ru, Krasnoyarsk

Organization of the process of professional socialization of the younger generations in Canada and New Zealand

Abstract: 
The article actualizes the problem of organizing the process of professional socialization of the younger generations in Canada and New Zealand. A number of effective mechanisms and approaches implemented in English-speaking countries are described, while focusing on the fact that a feature of the organization of the process of professional socialization in Canada was the shift in the focus of career guidance to the opportunities of school graduates through the content of the concept of “life strategy” to consciously make a professional choice. In New Zealand, professional socialization is associated with the professional activities of the teacher, which is implemented in schools with a focus solely on the development of entrepreneurial activity and the involvement of the younger generation in business. The relevance of this topic is determined by its relatively low level of study in the Russian pedagogy, including comparative pedagogy. The purpose of the article is to identify and characterize the problem of organizing the process of professional socialization of the younger generations in Canada and New Zealand. The authors analyze the main directions and describe a number of successful initiatives implemented in these countries that contribute to the successful organization of the process of professional socialization of the younger generations. Methodology and research methods. An analysis of the scientific literature on the organization of the process of professional socialization of the younger generations in the two countries we studied showed the importance of this type of organization of the process of professional socialization of the younger generations. Research results. The article emphasizes that in the third decade of the 21st century, the concept of “life strategy”, implemented in Canada, allows the younger generation to make a conscious professional choice. Unlike Canada, the organization of the process of professional socialization of the younger generations in New Zealand is mainly focused on the development of entrepreneurial activity and the involvement of the younger generation in business. Conclusion. The study of the organization of the process of professional socialization in Canada and New Zealand is of great theoretical and practical importance for preparing the younger generations for life and professional activity. The study of the positive experience of these countries may be important for understanding, enriching and the possibility of its use in practice in Russia, taking into account the cultural characteristics of our country.
Keywords: 
professional socialization, vocational education, the younger generation, professional self-determination, self-realization
References: 

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